Agroakylas and watermelon cultivation
Fri May 20 2022

Agriculture in Cameroon was the country's main source of growth and foreign exchange, until 1978 when oil production took a hit. started. The share of agriculture, which accounted for 44% of GDP in 2004, declines to 22.9% in 2013 and 17.38% in 2020. Agricultural activity and sector productivity declined during the oil boom of the 1980s. Agriculture is the main occupation for 62% of the working population in Cameroon in 2012, although only about 15.4% of the land is arable. This low percentage is due to a poor management policy of cultivable land and to almost universal isolation of cultivable areas. Indeed, very few roads connect the countryside to the big cities, which has a significant economic impact given that the regions likely to be exploited are not connected to markets. However, despite these shortcomings (which are gradually being resolved), Cameroon enjoys dynamic agriculture which succeeds not only in achieving food self-sufficiency at more than 80% but also in stimulating exports of consumption toward neighboring countries that are landlocked (Chad and the Central African Republic) as well as those which do not produce enough food such as Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.

Known for its nutritional virtues, watermelon is increasingly becoming one of the most profitable crops in Africa. It is even becoming an essential source of income, especially for young people. A young Cameroonian agronomist used it to produce table wine. Composed of more than 90% water, watermelon is the ideal fruit to prevent dehydration and its red pulp helps to refresh and purify the body. Not very sweet, it is also very low in calories and can therefore be consumed at any time without fear. Today, watermelon is increasingly becoming one of the most profitable crops.

More than 120 million tons of watermelons are produced worldwide in 2019. In tropical Africa, even if the statistics are not precise, certain countries like Senegal, Sudan, Cameroon, and Mauritania have a very appreciable production.

The quantity of watermelon produced per hectare depends on the variety adopted and the price may depend on the period, shortage, or abundance. It varies between 500f and 3000f CFA depending on the volume and the season. Its cultivation thus becomes an important source of income, especially for young people.

Agriakylas offers young Africans the opportunity to start watermelon production as this young 37-year-old farmer started watermelon production, with an investment of 100,000 CFA francs. Today, he claims to be one of the wealthiest young farmers in the country.

Another young 30-year-old Cameroonian agricultural engineer, specializing in the food industry, used watermelon to produce white wine. but its extraction process is still artisanal. Its objective: is to move to an industrial production scale, in a country where around 11 billion CFA francs were injected in 2019 to import 9,882 tonnes of foreign wine, according to data provided by the National Institute of Statistics. But to achieve his goal, the young entrepreneur needs financing.

Watermelon nutritional information

Source: USDA

- Value per 100 grams

- Calories 30

- Fat 0.2g

- Saturated fatty acids 0 g

- Cholesterol 0mg

- Sodium 1mg

- Potassium 112mg

- Carbohydrates 8g

- Dietary fiber 0.4g

- Sugars 6 g

- Protein 0.6g

- Vitamin C 8.1mg Calcium 7mg

- Iron 0.2 mg Vitamin D 0 IU

- Vitamin B6 0 mg Vitamin B₁₂ 0 µg

- Magnesium 10mg

What are the benefits of watermelon?

It is effective in case of edema. Watermelon contains effective potassium against muscle cramps and body aches. Also good for the heart, watermelon seeds dilate blood vessels, they lower high blood pressure and thus prevent cardiovascular disease. Watermelon contains many amino acids that help maintain healthy arteries and circulation of blood. Consuming watermelon regularly is therefore beneficial for overall cardiovascular function.

What are the disadvantages of watermelon?

Watermelon may be responsible for an oral allergy syndrome: an allergic reaction to certain vegetable proteins. This syndrome affects some people allergic to pollen.